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邯郸涉县巨形梯田誉为“中国第二个万里长城”(图)

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2013-07-03 09:01:52
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        [邯郸新闻]2014年,农业部发布第二批20个中国重要农业文化遗产名单,河北邯郸涉县旱作梯田系统位列其中。这个始建于元代,持续西甲比赛投注延续至上世纪70年代,总面积21万亩,石堰长度近万华里,被誉为“中国第二个万里长城”的农业系统,第一次走出深山,呈现在世人面前。“涉县梯田”独具特色,几乎是目前中国仅存的北方深山区大规模梯田,由于受到劳动力减少等影响,涉县梯田正面临逐渐萎缩的局面,保护工作刻不容缓。

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  邯郸涉县旱作梯田系统以王金庄区片为核心,并且在该核心区,王金庄梯田及王金庄村更具代表性。1988年至1992年联合国世界粮食计划署实施“3737”项目时,评估团专家到王金庄参观梯田时惊叹: “往上看登天梯,往下看入地门。中国人了不起,上管天,下管地”,称其为“中国第二大万里长城”、“世界一大奇迹”。

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  旱作梯田晋升“国”字号

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  从耕作方式方面来说,涉县梯田近千年来一直延续传统的旱作农业生产方式。从景观上来看,涉县梯田也独具特色,几乎是目前中国仅存的北方深山区大规模梯田。除种植大量玉米、谷子、豆类作物外,还种植花椒、柿子、核桃等经济树种,增加了地区的生物多样性。因此,保护涉县传统的梯田农业文化遗产具有重要意义。

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